Overuse injuries of the elbow occur when repetitive movements put pressure on the tissues, muscles, and joints in the elbow, forearm, wrist and hand. If left untreated without an opportunity for the body to rest or heal, pain and other problems will surface over time. The continuous stress can cause damage to the tendons. As blood supply to the tendons is limited, healing can be difficult.
Overuse injuries affect people who perform repetitive movements as part of their daily occupation, as well as during leisure activities, such as sports. Adolescents and children are especially susceptible to this condition, as their bones are unable to tolerate the same amount of stress as an adult. “Tennis elbow” and “golfer’s elbow” are two of the most common elbow injuries that result from overuse.
Overuse injuries of the elbow can cause a variety of symptoms, as there are several different conditions that can affect people, due to repetitive motions. General symptoms include pain, tenderness, swelling, numbness, tingling, mobility issues and clicking or popping in the elbow joint. Typically, treatment options for this condition vary based on the extent of the injury itself; however, the most common rehabilitative methods include rest, the use of cold compresses, compression, anti-inflammatory medications, immobilization, and physical therapy. Surgery may be required in extreme cases.