As with other forms of platelet-rich plasma injection treatments, this procedure aims to relieve the patient of chronic pain experienced in the knees, done using the patient’s own blood as the concentrated platelets help to facilitate the natural healing process.
The knee is one of the most common areas of the body that gets injured. This can result due to tears, sprains, as well as cartilage tissue being degenerated.
The procedure commences with blood being drawn from the patient and then broken down into different components such as platelets, white blood cells, red blood cells, and plasma. A minute amount of plasma is removed while the remaining portion is mixed in with the concentrated platelets, producing a solution that is concentrated in nature. A syringe then is brought in and filled up with this solution.
The knee is sterilized using an antiseptic solution followed by the application of a local anesthetic to numb the site of the injection and reduce the pain the patient may experience during the course of the procedure. Another needle is then inserted into the knee (with the assistance of a fluoroscope) and the plasma is injected into the area containing the damaged tissues. In addition to this specific injection, it may be necessary for further injections to take place in other skeletal structures around the knee that may be damaged. This is done in order to help further stimulate the healing process of the tissue.
The plasma substance released into the damaged areas will promote and mobilize stem cells to aid in the healing process once special white blood cells (known as macrophages) removed the cells that are damaged. The healing process is accelerated in nature as the effects are threefold: improved joint functionality, tissue strength is amplified, and pain is reduced.
The procedure from beginning to end usually takes approximately 1 hour to complete and the patient can be released on the same day. Patients can expect to fully recover from the procedure within one week. In some cases, patients may need 3-4 more treatments before the damaged tissues are fully healed.